Thyroid cancer

Thyroid cancer is one of the most common malignant processes of the endocrine system. You can suspect the presence of a neoplasm by palpation of the thyroid gland and cervical lymph nodes.

Thyroid cancer can be papillary, follicular, medullary and undifferentiated. All these forms differ from each other in biological, morphological and genetic characteristics. These differences affect the choice of treatment method, the success of which in oncology directly depends on the stage of pathology development and the accuracy of the differentiated diagnosis.

Treatment approaches and stages

In Belarus, malignant neoplasms of the thyroid gland are successfully eliminated with the help of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy in combination with taking medications.

In the oncology profile, the treatment regimen is prescribed based on the type of cancer and its features:

  • papillary-develops slowly and often affects the lymph nodes; in most cases, an operation is prescribed to remove the tumor;
  • follicular lymph nodes are rarely involved in the process of development of tumors, but the tumor often grows in vessels and metastasizes to the liver, lungs; treatment is surgical;
  • medullary – arises from producing the hormone calcitonin C-cells of the thyroid gland; as therapy choose surgery without subsequent use of drugs with radioactive iodine;
  • undifferentiated is a rare and aggressive form, characterized by a very rapid appearance of metastases in the lymph nodes of the neck, lungs, bones; surgical intervention is indicated at the early stages of cancer development, radiation therapy and chemotherapy are used in the complex.

After the operation and any subsequent therapy, a long recovery is necessary. In Belarus, endocrinologists, nutritionists, and physical therapists deal with such issues. The first 2-4 weeks after surgery, activity is limited, but later the patient is prescribed medication, a low-sugar diet, regular walks in the fresh air, dosed physical activity.

How the tumor is removed

The operation is performed under general anesthesia, during which the entire thyroid gland or most of it is removed. Complete excision of the tumor is performed through a small incision at the base of the neck, leaving an inconspicuous scar. Sometimes surgical intervention occurs through access from the armpit or the bottom of the oral cavity, but such methods are more traumatic. Removal of the thyroid gland is accompanied by excision of the organ tissues around the parathyroid glands with the preservation of the recurrent laryngeal nerves.

In some cases, enlarged neck nodes may also be removed – this is necessary in order to check them for the presence of cancer cells. Half of the organ (one of its lobes) is excised if the tumor is still too small. The skin scar is formed 6-12 months after the surgical intervention, the swelling of the throat disappears independently after 2 months.

To learn more about how thyroid cancer is treated, what tests you need to pass before therapy and how much it will all cost, you can consult with an oncologist and an oncosurgeon.

  • Cost
  • Durationfrom 1 month
  • Free consultation
  • Personal Manager
  • Payment by card is possible

Advantages of thyroid cancer treatment in Minsk:

  • accurate diagnosis and effective solution of the problem;
  • maximum preservation of healthy tissues;
  • application of the latest equipment;
  • individual treatment protocols;
  • safe anesthesia under the supervision of an anesthesiologist;
  • european quality and reasonable cost of services.
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