Brain cancer is significantly different from other malignant neoplasms. The process of its development has a different histogenesis, clinical manifestations and treatment options, and the specificity of the tumor itself is determined by the presence of a blood-brain barrier that restricts the penetration of many substances from the bloodstream into the brain.
A brain tumor can appear at any age and on any part of this organ.
After the diagnosis is carried out, including magnetic resonance, single-photon emission and multispiral computed tomography, cerebral angiography and lumbar puncture, treatment is prescribed. For the oncology profile, it is standard – it can be carried out:
According to the results of histological verification, radiation therapy is prescribed in oncology in case of a malignant nature of the tumor, and chemotherapy is prescribed according to the indications. Treatment of small tumors up to 3 cm in diameter can be performed by radiosurgical method followed by regular monitoring using MRI control.
After surgical removal of a malignant neoplasm, radiation therapy is used. It is relevant for inoperable tumors, as well as cancer that damages critical areas of the brain. Radiation therapy is used in the treatment of multiple tumors with metastases.
In Belarus, chemotherapy is also carried out – it is carried out with the mandatory determination of the individual sensitivity of the neoplasm cells to chemotherapy drugs.
Surgical intervention is performed using navigation systems, neurosurgical microscopes, laser and endoscopic technologies. All this helps not only to determine the location of the tumor, but also to direct the trajectory of surgical action, to provide a local, dosed effect on the tumor tissue.
The operation is aimed at the maximum possible removal of the tissue of a malignant neoplasm, establishing an accurate diagnosis, providing optimal conditions for the subsequent complex of planned therapeutic measures. In Belarus, open, puncture or stereotactic biopsy, microsurgical operations using magnifying optics are most often used. Such a method of surgical intervention as endoscopy with the use of a neuroendoscope is also relevant.
After the operation and the use of another type of therapy, a neurorehabilitologist develops a program for restorative treatment. Brain cancer therapy is accompanied by classes with a psychologist, a speech therapist, a speech pathologist, a physical therapy instructor. A neurorehabilitologist oversees the work of each of the specialists and combines their efforts in order to treat the patient as effectively as possible.
To learn more about the principles of brain cancer treatment, you can consult with an oncologist and an oncosurgeon. During the reception, specialists will also tell you what tests you need to pass before starting therapy and how much it will all cost.