Gynecological cancer is the most common type of female oncological pathology. Most tumors are localized on the cervix or the body of the uterus, often the ovaries are also affected. Malignant neoplasms can appear in the organs themselves and metastasize & ndash; spread from other organs. Most often, metastases appear in the ovaries.
Modern methods of research and diagnostics in Belarus make it possible to detect the presence of malignant neoplasms of the uterus and ovaries at an early stage, thereby increasing the chances of a full recovery and the possibility of treatment without removing the organs affected by cancer.
Female genital cancer is common – it affects about 18% of all types of oncologies. In the early stages, you can treat any malignant neoplasm, but often their presence becomes known even when the approaches to therapy are very limited.
Earlier detection of oncology includes regular screening, scheduled visits to a specialist once every 6 months (and for women who have the human papillomavirus detected once every 3 months), cytological smear and tests with cancer markers. To identify the pathology, such diagnostic methods as ultrasound of the pelvic organs, CT with contrast can be used.
The tactics of cancer treatment in Belarus depends on the type and stage of tumor development, the aggressiveness of the disease. Any malignant neoplasm requires an operation, the task of which is to completely remove the affected tissues.
The operation can be performed either with a complete removal of the organ, or with a partial one. For example, in the presence of cervical dysplasia with the presence of human papillomavirus, the method of conization of the cervix is used-excision of the cone-shaped section of the cervical canal.
Surgical intervention is indicated both in the early and later stages of cancer. Uterine and ovarian cancer can be defeated with the help of cryotherapy and laser therapy, conization, simple or radical hysterectomy. In some cases, the tumor cells are easily removed during cauterization with a laser or liquid nitrogen. Conization is relevant for those who want to give birth to a child in the future, but with a simple hysterectomy, the uterus is removed (with radical & ndash; also with appendages, parotid tissue and ligaments). The operation is performed using several small sizes.
Another option for performing surgical intervention is trachelectomy. This method preserves the uterus, even if not completely. In this case, the birth occurs by cesarean section. The most radical treatment is pelvic extension, shown after the tumor reappears, during which the uterus, vagina, bladder, part of the rectum and colon are removed.
At an individual consultation in the clinic, you can learn all the nuances of therapy, starting from additional diagnostics and ending with the stages of rehabilitation treatment.