Lung cancer is the most urgent problem of modern oncology. Neoplasms do not always manifest themselves in the first stages. As a rule, a specialist is contacted if there are pronounced symptoms of the disease.
The results of treatment largely depend on the type of tumor, its location and stage, as well as on the age of the patient, the presence of concomitant diseases. Lung cancer with metastases to other organs is the worst amenable to therapy. In Belarus, the cost of surgery to remove a neoplasm depends on the type of surgical intervention, the volume of the organ being removed.
Histologically, there are several forms of lung cancer-non-small cell (squamous, large-cell, glandular) and small-cell. Each case in oncology is unique and requires a comprehensive approach-for some patients, drug therapy and surgery to excise the tumor will be enough, while for others, it will be difficult to remove part of the lung with previous chemotherapy or radiation therapy.
After the detection of a malignant neoplasm in the lungs, the patient is often offered to try surgical removal of the tumor. At the same time:
At the same time, if the tumor is treatable, it is first excised, after which adjuvant chemotherapy is performed, aimed at destroying individual micrometastases. If the neoplasm cannot be removed, chemoradiotherapy is used, and after that, if the overall clinical picture improves, surgical intervention is performed.
In oncology, an operation to excise a neoplasm in the lung is often performed with non-small cell cancer of stage 1 or 2, while the tumor itself should be small, without a craving for the development of metastases.
The operation is performed by opening the chest or performing small incisions into which instruments and a camera are inserted. After excision of the tumor, the incisions are sewn up, a drainage remains in the chest to remove fluid. The process itself is carried out under general anesthesia and can last up to 5 hours.
Permanent compensation after cancer treatment occurs after about 6 months. At this time, it is necessary to adhere to antibacterial therapy, respiratory gymnastics, actively use anticoagulants and inhalations. You can learn about the rest of the recommendations from your doctor.
To learn more about how the procedure takes place and how much it costs in Minsk, you can consult with an oncologist and an oncosurgeon.