Bowel cancer is an oncological disease characterized by the development of a malignant tumor from the lining of the intestinal wall of the mucosa. The oncology of this organ can grow slowly, be reborn from polyps, and be successfully cured with early detection. In Belarus, an oncologist is engaged in the treatment of such a disease – it is this specialist who can determine the most effective tactics for fighting a tumor, calculate the prognosis and give recommendations for recovery after surgery or another method of therapy.
Bowel cancer is often diagnosed in those who abuse alcohol and tobacco products, eat a lot of meat (especially red), suffer from overweight, lack of physical activity. A risk factor may be heredity, the presence of polyps or prolonged inflammation on the intestinal mucosa. Even the human papillomavirus and anal sex can affect the formation of a tumor – it often causes cracks, warts.
Oncology does not differ in any specific symptoms. The development of cancer of the small and large intestines is accompanied by stool disorders, abdominal pain, the appearance of a feeling of heaviness, lack of appetite and weight loss. The reason for concern may be the presence of mucus and blood in the feces, diagnosed anemia, the appearance of aversion to meat products.
The tumor of the small and large intestines itself can be:
Thanks to timely diagnosis and surgery to remove bowel cancer, it is possible to achieve a complete cure from cancer. To confirm the diagnosis and develop the most effective treatment tactics, it is necessary to collect the patient’s anamnesis, take a blood test for cancer markers, and also conduct:
Treatment of cancer of the small and large intestines is carried out with the help of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy.
During the operation on the intestine, the part of the organ affected by the tumor is removed, the open ends are connected. In some cases (when it is impossible to sew the ends of the intestine), a Hartmann operation is performed, in which the upper part of the intestine is removed through the skin of the abdomen. The resulting exit hole is called a colostomy, it is a kind of artificial anus.
In Belarus, radiation therapy is also actively used, aimed at reducing the size of the tumor, preventing the recurrence of cancer. Treatment can be accompanied by chemotherapy, the task of which is to destroy cancer cells and suppress metastasis.
You can learn more about the stages of treatment and the cost of the service at an individual consultation with an oncologist, oncosurgeon.