How to choose the right toothbrush?

Toothbrushes are diverse, support the health of the oral cavity. Their range has increased significantly, as well as their capabilities.

When choosing a product, it is necessary to take into account the gender, age of the person, individual characteristics, such as the presence of dentures or braces. The products offered on the market vary by:

  • operating principle (mechanical, electrical, ultrasonic);
  • stiffness;
  • materials of manufacture;
  • dimensions, shape;
  • number of additional options.

Proven classics

The majority of citizens of our country use ordinary toothbrushes because of their affordable cost and ease of operation: you do not need to insert batteries, buy replaceable nozzles. It is advisable to take the products of the middle price segment. At the same time, soft copies are addressed to children, persons with periodontal diseases; medium hardness – to adults; and hard ones – to patients of dentists with orthodontic devices.

Classic brushes

Manufacturers indicate on the packaging whether their brushes are hygienic, preventive or special, in particular bleaching, surgical, preventing complications from operations.

Innovations in the production of toothbrushes

In order to whiten the enamel, calcium carbonate or a polishing polymer abrasive is applied to the pile. But they should be used with caution, after consulting with a specialist. The bristles are covered with silver particles (for smokers) with an antibacterial effect. Modern technologies include sapphire rounding of the tips of the villi, carbon spraying. Thanks to them, persistent stains from nicotine and coffee are removed, the formation of tartar and caries is prevented, and breathing is refreshed.

A separate category consists of ion brushes: they are similar in appearance to standard devices, but contain an active rod inside. This core, when a button is pressed, forms a stream of negatively charged ions that attract food residues at the molecular level. Their high price pays off due to the saving of paste, the excellent condition of the teeth and surrounding tissues, the normalization of the physiological balance of acids and alkalis in the mouth.

Little tricks

Contrary to the opinion about the benefits of all natural brushes with real animal bristles scratch the mucous membrane more strongly, they quickly fail. Therefore, they prefer analogues made of nylon with plastic, wooden handles made of bamboo, which is not subject to rot and is resistant to moisture.

Ideally, the toothbrush should simultaneously cover 2-3 teeth, do not have sharp corners, but have a bending area in the area of the connection of the head with the holder. Anti-slip inserts on the handle, a grooved surface for cleaning the tongue, bristles-indicators that signal the wear of the object are welcome.

It is advisable to look for tools where the hairs are multidirectional and multi-level. Single-level devices are worse at cleaning molars. The number of bundles on them varies from 23 (for preschoolers) to four dozen-for adult users. Sometimes they are distributed not in rows, but in circles, wavy lines.

Advantages and disadvantages of electric and sound brushes

Expensive electric toothbrushes thoroughly clean your teeth. They can be used no more than twice a week and it is important to set the rotation speed correctly in order to avoid injuries. These mechanisms are not suitable for patients with periodontal disease, stomatitis. You need to find modifications with:

  • gum edge protection system;
  • vibration function;
  • automatic timer.

With ultrasonic brushes, no toothpaste is required: sound waves remove plaque, solid deposits in the interdental spaces. The devices are able to function in the massage mode. But they are contraindicated for people with implants, heart ailments, and women during pregnancy.

Despite the wide variety of brushes, an important factor of dental health is how to properly brush your teeth.