Improve the contour of the cheekbones and tighten the oval of the face, lift the overhanging eyelids and correct the nose – for modern plastic surgeons, nothing is impossible. The most popular operations today are such as lipofilling, various facelifts and blepharoplasty. And each of them has its own characteristics.
The best and simplest method of blepharoplasty is to excise the “excess” skin on the lower and upper eyelids. If necessary, the procedure can be combined with the redistribution or removal of fat hernias. Surgical intervention can be performed both under general anesthesia and under local anesthesia-it all depends on the complexity of the work. The duration of the operation is from half an hour to several hours. How long will it take to rehabilitate? This is influenced not only by the complexity and trauma of the procedure, but also by the individual characteristics of a particular person’s health. After the same type of operation in some people, the swelling goes away in a week, and in others it lasts almost a month.
Not so long ago, the list of plastic surgeries was supplemented with another novelty – periorbitoplasty. With its help, you can both get rid of excess skin near the eyes, and make the eyebrows more raised (along the entire length or only at the outer corners). As a result, the view becomes more open. The procedure differs from blepharoplasty in its greater complexity and duration, and additional endoscopic equipment can be used in the process. The same applies to the recovery time after the intervention – it will take more. However, the effect justifies such sacrifices – it is truly impressive: periorbitoplasty helps to rejuvenate not only the orbital, but also the frontal and parotid parts of the face.
For face contour correction, neck and cheekbones use different types of cosmetic braces. All of them can be divided into two categories – endoscopic and classical operations. The classic method involves cutting the skin near the ears and in the neck area, followed by removing excess skin. If the operation affects only the skin tissue, the procedure is called “rhytidectomy”. It is such a lift that is considered the safest. The face after it really looks younger, but the effect is quite weak, and it lasts relatively short. Among the modern classic facial plastics, the SMAS-lift is particularly effective. Here, the surgical intervention also affects the deep skin layer, called the muscular-aponeurotic layer, which is responsible for such skin qualities as firmness and elasticity. With SMAS surgery, this particular skin layer is tightened and fixed, so the effect is much more pronounced (the face may seem younger by 10-15 years) and lasts much longer. At the same time, the facial expression remains completely natural, the face does not look like a mask.
During endoscopic operations, small (no more than 3 cm) incisions are made in the scalp, and it is through them that the lift is performed. Only a real specialist can do this qualitatively, because the deeply located tissues are involved. Such techniques allow not only to make the face visually younger, but also to correct its not very “successful” features.
Important: the contrast between endoscopic and classical techniques is completely unjustified. They serve different purposes and in some cases can even be combined. At the same time, classic braces are more often used by mature women who need to remove wrinkles by removing excess skin. In the process of endoscopy, deep facial tissues are moved, so these techniques are actively used by representatives of the younger generation. In the first case, the operation can take only 2-3 hours of time, and in the second-as much as 8! Naturally, the rehabilitation period will also be different. It can take a couple of weeks, or more than one month.
Another very popular service of plastic surgeons is lipofilling. During the operation, the client’s own adipose tissue is moved (transplanted) from one part of the body to another. At the first stage, the doctor “removes” the adipose tissue from the body. After that, it is processed, during which unnecessary impurities are also removed from it. And only then the surgeon uses special tubes (cannulas) to place fat in the parts of the face that require “pumping”. In general, lipofilling is considered safe. It takes very little time to recover from it, and it leaves no scars. The technique is used both individually and in combination with other methods of rejuvenation.
In relation to plastic surgery, the same prohibitions apply as in the case of surgical intervention in general. They are categorically contraindicated in any infection, during exacerbations of chronic diseases, with hypertension and poor blood clotting, severe forms of diabetes and heart ailments. In order not to overlook the danger, before the operation, all patients should be examined by a doctor.